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绿色发展已成为趋势所向
时间: 2019-11-06浏览(lan)次数:
自2016年工业和信息化部发文推进绿色制造体系建设,明确提出,到2020年绿色制造体系初步建立,绿色制造相关标准体系和评价体系基本建成,建设百家绿色园区和千家绿色工厂,开发万
       自2016年(nian)工业和信息化(hua)部发(fa)文推(tui)进(jin)绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)制(zhi)造(zao)体(ti)系(xi)(xi)建(jian)(jian)设,明确(que)提出,到2020年(nian)绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)制(zhi)造(zao)体(ti)系(xi)(xi)初步建(jian)(jian)立,绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)制(zhi)造(zao)相关标准(zhun)体(ti)系(xi)(xi)和评价体(ti)系(xi)(xi)基本建(jian)(jian)成,建(jian)(jian)设百家绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)园区和千家绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工厂(chang),开发(fa)万(wan)种绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)产品(pin),创(chuang)建(jian)(jian)绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)供(gong)应(ying)链,绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)制(zhi)造(zao)市场(chang)化(hua)推(tui)进(jin)机制(zhi)基本完成。建(jian)(jian)设内(nei)容主要(yao)包括:绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工厂(chang)、绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)产品(pin)、绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)园区和绿(lv)(lv)色(se)(se)(se)供(gong)应(ying)链。

       绿(lv)色(se)发展(zhan)强调通过(guo)改善能源结(jie)构、提高能源效(xiao)率、优化产业结(jie)构和推(tui)动技(ji)术进步来(lai)实(shi)现,绿(lv)色(se)发展(zhan)通过(guo)绿(lv)色(se)分配,形成(cheng)良好(hao)的(de)(de)生态意识并(bing)构建绿(lv)色(se)生活方(fang)式。对企业来(lai)说,绿(lv)色(se)发展(zhan)在带(dai)来(lai)巨(ju)大的(de)(de)经济效(xiao)益的(de)(de)同(tong)时,也(ye)带(dai)来(lai)了(le)巨(ju)大的(de)(de)环境效(xiao)益。

什么是“绿色工厂”创建工作?
申报绿色(se)工厂对制造企业(ye)有什么好处?
       “绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)厂”是(shi)制造业的(de)生(sheng)产单(dan)(dan)元(yuan),是(shi)绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)制造的(de)实施主(zhu)体,属(shu)于绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)制造体系的(de)核心支撑单(dan)(dan)元(yuan),侧重于生(sheng)产全过(guo)程(cheng)的(de)绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)化。“绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)工(gong)厂”创(chuang)建是(shi)以全面(mian)建成(cheng) “用地集约化、原料无害化、生(sheng)产洁净化、废物资源化、能源低(di)碳化”工(gong)厂为目标,持续(xu)推(tui)进绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)制造的(de)动(dong)态过(guo)程(cheng)。

制(zhi)造企业,被评为绿色工厂(chang),简单来说,好处(chu)有以下五个方面:
(1)可(ke)提高绿色示范企业形象(xiang)、知名度和影响力;
(2)有助于(yu)提升企业对绿色制(zhi)造的管理水平,实(shi)现绿色和可持续发(fa)展;
(3)入(ru)选国家绿色(se)工(gong)厂并获得绿色(se)工(gong)厂牌照(zhao),可作为企业环保(bao)的保(bao)护伞,享受环保(bao)免检,冬季不(bu)限产等(deng)好处;
(4)享受(shou)国家相应的政策支(zhi)持(chi)和省(sheng)级、国家级奖励资金,以广东、河南为例,企业最终(zhong)可(ke)(ke)得到奖励资金可(ke)(ke)达几(ji)百万元(yuan);
(5)可作为(wei)企业绿色集成改(gai)造升级的基础,享受后期(qi)更大的实(shi)惠。

申报绿色工厂需要提交哪些关键指标?
(1)基础设施(shi)方面,主要包含通风(feng)采(cai)光良好;布(bu)局规划(hua)合理;满足(zu)生产需求,同时不浪费(fei)资源;厂区内能源计量设备要齐全等;
(2)要(yao)有相关(guan)的(de)三体系(xi)和能源管理体系(xi)认(ren)证;
(3)能源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)和(he)资源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)的投入情况,主要包含可再(zai)生资源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)、清洁能源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan);采用新(xin)型能源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan),优化(hua)生产工艺;合理(li)利(li)用设(she)备的余(yu)热和(he)余(yu)压;借助智能技(ji)术和(he)物联网技(ji)术,提高能源(yuan)(yuan)(yuan)的配置效率等;
(4)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)评价方面(mian),主要(yao)包含材料的选用(yong)上、种类(lei)要(yao)集中,可回收程度高;采用(yong)标准化设计,提高产(chan)(chan)品(pin)(pin)的使用(yong)周期(qi);在整个(ge)生产(chan)(chan)流程中对碳足迹进行跟踪等(deng);
(5)环境(jing)排放方面要(yao)做的(de)更好,如容积率、单位(wei)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)废气产(chan)(chan)生量(liang)、单位(wei)产(chan)(chan)品(pin)废水产(chan)(chan)生量(liang)等(deng)相关指标(biao)要(yao)达(da)到相关绩效标(biao)准等(deng)。

怎么申报绿色工厂?
       首先(xian)是以工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)为主(zhu)体(ti)的(de)(de)(de)绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)创建和自(zi)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。在(zai)这一工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)中(zhong),工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)需要(yao)对照绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)指(zhi)标,逐项进(jin)行(xing)自(zi)我衡量是否已经(jing)达(da)到(dao)(dao)要(yao)求,未达(da)到(dao)(dao)要(yao)求的(de)(de)(de)是否能(neng)(neng)够(gou)通过(guo)努力(li)而达(da)到(dao)(dao)要(yao)求。这个(ge)尽量去满足(zu)绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)所有评(ping)(ping)价(jia)指(zhi)标的(de)(de)(de)过(guo)程(cheng)即为“绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)创建”,如“可再生(sheng)能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)的(de)(de)(de)利(li)用”、“能(neng)(neng)源(yuan)管理体(ti)系(xi)认证”、“温室气体(ti)核查”、“节水评(ping)(ping)价(jia)”等等许多指(zhi)标都(dou)是大部分(fen)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)在(zai)进(jin)行(xing)绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)创建过(guo)程(cheng)中(zhong)完成的(de)(de)(de),这也充分(fen)地(di)体(ti)现了“绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)创建”工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)对我国推行(xing)的(de)(de)(de)一系(xi)列绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)相关工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)推动作(zuo)(zuo)用,同时也更好地(di)促进(jin)了单个(ge)企业(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)转型工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),以及整个(ge)行(xing)业(ye)(ye)甚至整个(ge)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)业(ye)(ye)的(de)(de)(de)绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)转型工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。在(zai)所有工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)都(dou)到(dao)(dao)位(wei)之后,工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)需要(yao)根据工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)信部发(fa)布的(de)(de)(de)“绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)自(zi)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)报(bao)告(gao)模版”并对照“绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)指(zhi)标”对工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)进(jin)行(xing)自(zi)我评(ping)(ping)价(jia),完成《绿(lv)色(se)(se)(se)(se)工(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)(chang)自(zi)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)报(bao)告(gao)》。

       第(di)二步是(shi)以谱(pu)尼测试(shi)集团这(zhei)样的(de)第(di)三(san)(san)方(fang)(fang)机构为主体的(de)评(ping)价工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。在(zai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)完成自评(ping)价工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)之后,就(jiu)可以选择谱(pu)尼测试(shi)集团作(zuo)(zuo)为第(di)三(san)(san)方(fang)(fang)对《绿色工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)自评(ping)价报(bao)告》进行(xing)现场审核和(he)评(ping)价。谱(pu)尼测试(shi)集团将根据(ju)绿色工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)评(ping)价指标向工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)提出需要提交的(de)资料清单,工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)进行(xing)相应准(zhun)备。在(zai)资料准(zhun)备齐(qi)全之后,双(shuang)方(fang)(fang)协定时间(jian),到现场进行(xing)勘察和(he)评(ping)价,并根据(ju)评(ping)价结(jie)果在(zai)工(gong)(gong)(gong)信(xin)部发(fa)布的(de)“绿色工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)第(di)三(san)(san)方(fang)(fang)评(ping)价报(bao)告模(mo)版”的(de)基(ji)础上完成《绿色工(gong)(gong)(gong)厂(chang)第(di)三(san)(san)方(fang)(fang)评(ping)价报(bao)告》。

       第三(san)(san)步(bu)是以各级(ji)主管部(bu)(bu)分为(wei)主体(ti)的评(ping)(ping)审、筛(shai)选及上(shang)报工(gong)(gong)作。在《绿(lv)色(se)工(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)自(zi)评(ping)(ping)价(jia)报告(gao)(gao)》和(he)《绿(lv)色(se)工(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)第三(san)(san)方评(ping)(ping)价(jia)报告(gao)(gao)》都(dou)(dou)完成后(hou),工(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)需待(dai)工(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)(bu)发布(bu)“关(guan)于推(tui)荐绿(lv)色(se)制造名单的通知”后(hou),将(jiang)这两(liang)份盖章(zhang)版(ban)报告(gao)(gao)提交给基层主管部(bu)(bu)门,即县级(ji)工(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)(bu)门。县级(ji)工(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)(bu)门经过初步(bu)评(ping)(ping)审筛(shai)选之后(hou)逐级(ji)上(shang)报给市级(ji)、省级(ji)工(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)(bu)门和(he)国家工(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)(bu)。市级(ji)和(he)省级(ji)工(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)(bu)门都(dou)(dou)会以自(zi)己(ji)的方式进(jin)行(xing)评(ping)(ping)审和(he)筛(shai)选,优中选优进(jin)行(xing)上(shang)报,最终上(shang)报到工(gong)(gong)信(xin)部(bu)(bu),报告(gao)(gao)将(jiang)会组织专(zhuan)家进(jin)行(xing)评(ping)(ping)审,最终评(ping)(ping)选出国家级(ji)绿(lv)色(se)工(gong)(gong)厂(chang)(chang)。

       据(ju)了解,第五(wu)批(pi)通知要求每个地区推(tui)荐的绿色工厂(chang)不超(chao)过30家,往年的通知都(dou)未(wei)对推(tui)荐数量进(jin)行(xing)限制(zhi)(zhi)。并且,在今年特别提到鼓(gu)励家用电器、纺织、医药、食品(pin)、节能环保装(zhuang)备制(zhi)(zhi)造、新能源(yuan)装(zhuang)备制(zhi)(zhi)造、资(zi)源(yuan)综合利(li)用、再制(zhi)(zhi)造等行(xing)业加(jia)快创建绿色工厂(chang)。

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